# c2x and Visualising Symmetry with Jmol

(Those producing CIF files from versions of c2x <=2.40b will need to ensure that the first symmetry operation in the CIF file is listed as "x,y,z", not "+x,+y,+z", else Jmol becomes confused.)

Continuing from the symmetry overview page, we can launch Jmol, and, with File | Open calcite.cif.

But this unhelpfully shows just the symmetry-inequivalent atoms. To see the symmetrised set, find the Jmol console window (File | Console) and type

```\$  load "calcite.cif" {1,1,1}
```

If one wishes to tile the unit cell, it should be done at this point by specifying more repeat units in the parentheses, e.g. {2,2,1} for two units in the a and b directions.

The console window is also needed for listing and showing the symmetry operations.

```\$ show symmetry
Symmetry Information:
model #1.1; name=c2x
Spacegroup: -P 3* 2n [R -3 c:r] #167
Number of symmetry operations: 12
Symmetry Operations:
x,y,z
-x,-y,-z
z,x,y
-z,-x,-y
y,z,x
-y,-z,-x
-x+1/2,-z+1/2,-y+1/2
x+1/2,z+1/2,y+1/2
-z+1/2,-y+1/2,-x+1/2
z+1/2,y+1/2,x+1/2
-y+1/2,-x+1/2,-z+1/2
y+1/2,x+1/2,z+1/2
\$ show symop 10
n-glide plane|translation: 1/2 1/2 1/2
\$ draw symop 10
z+1/2,y+1/2,x+1/2 n-glide plane|translation: 1/2 1/2 1/2
```

The glide plane is shown, and the translation vector is also shown in yellow.

```\$ draw symop 11
-y+1/2,-x+1/2,-z+1/2 C2 axis
```

The axis is shown together with a curved arrow showing the rotation, not visible in this example.

To show multiple elements at once, it is necessary to give them explicit, distinct, object IDs.

```\$ draw a1 symop 7
-x+1/2,-z+1/2,-y+1/2 C2 axis
\$ draw a2 symop 9
-z+1/2,-y+1/2,-x+1/2 C2 axis
\$ draw a3 symop 11
-y+1/2,-x+1/2,-z+1/2 C2 axis
```

To delete one of these elements, use

```\$ draw a2_* delete
```

The underscore and asterix after the ID are necessary as the element is drawn using multiple objects prefixed with the ID specified.